The hard path of «Fit for 55»


EU Parliament votes on «Fit for 55», but the version of package by the ENVI Committee makes investing in decarbonisation and in the development of the circular bioeconomy sector very challenging.

A series of European Parliament’s Environmental Committee votes on some key pieces of the «Fit for 55» package are contradictory.

The «Fit for 55» package was proposed last year by the European Commission. The legislative package aims to cut the EU’s CO2 emissions by 55% until 2030.

Now, the outcome of the votes offers a few positive signs to the pulp and paper industry, as the Committee members acknowledged some of the contributions of the broader forest sector to climate action – says Cepi(Confederation of the European Paper Industries). But some legal provisions could paradoxically make it very challenging for the pulp and paper industry to decarbonise. In the upcoming plenary votes, the EU Parliament should focus on supporting the development of a European circular bioeconomy.

The role of forests

For example, a first vote on the land use, land-use change, and forestry (Lulucf) regulation, decided that forests should not be used to compensate for other sectors’ emissions, including non-CO2 agricultural emissions, bringing forth the principle that carbon removals from forest sinks should support, but not replace, efforts to reduce fossil emissions.

Other proposed changes to the Commission’s proposal point towards the potential of forest products to help decarbonise the EU by substituting carbon-intensive ones. But one amendment which increases the target amount of carbon to be removed from the atmosphere by forests, up to 360 million tons of CO2 by 2030, may at the same time negatively affect the development of renewable and sustainable forest products by setting aside some forests for carbon offsets.

 Revision of the ETS Directive

Other contradictory positions emerge from the Envi Committee’s vote, for example about the revision of the ETS Directive – Emissions Trading Scheme. While it would severely reduce financial resources for low-carbon investments has also recognized the contribution that biomass could offer as a clean source of energy for industries. However, an Envi opinion on the revision of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) seems to call the same principle into question. The opinion not only favors secondary over primary biomass use for energy by excluding the latter from national support schemes. It even excludes primary biomass complying with all sustainability criteria from counting towards the renewable energy target. Still, primary biomass currently accounts for nearly 50% of the wood input used for bioenergy, which in turn represents almost 60% of the renewable energy consumption in the EU.

As part of the revision, the Commission has proposed that 40% of the EU’s energy mix should come from renewables. The compromise amendments to the Envi Committee’s draft report suggest increasing that target to 45%. That higher goal could be out of reach if primary biomass is excluded from the outset.

It’s important – says Cepi – that the European Parliament to correct this contradiction. Without requesting an in-depth impact assessment and industry consultation, the Committee also voted for the extension of the carbon border adjustment mechanism (Cbam) to all ETS sectors. Cbam is meant to protect energy intensive industries from carbon leakage: an unintended increase in CO2 emissions, as a result of the EU’s comparatively cleaner industry losing to global competitors. However, points out Cepi, for some ETS sectors with very specific value chains, products and global trade flows, such as the pulp and paper industry, a Cbam will not be an effective tool to address carbon leakage and reduce emissions. The Committee’s vote notably fails to provide a concrete solution for exports, while accelerating free allowances phasing-out and threatening the existing indirect carbon cost compensation scheme.

 «We call on the Members of the European Parliament to ensure in plenary that the Fit for 55 package enables the EU economy to deliver on high climate ambitions in the next decade» says Jori Ringman, Director General of Cepi. «Unfortunately, the version of Fit for 55 pushed forward by the Envi Committee makes investing in decarbonisation and in the development of the circular bioeconomy sector very challenging».